Abraham Wald was a member of the Statistical Research Group (SRG) where he applied his statistical skills to various wartime problems. These included methods of sequential analysis and sampling inspection. One of the problems that the SRG worked on was to examine the distribution of damage to aircraft to provide advice on how to minimize bomber losses to enemy fire.
An excellent video from Winton that demonstrates how the scientific method can be applied to invest in the financial markets by extracting the signals from the noise.
An introduction to long tailed distributions inherent in nonlinear systems.
An Introduction to Nonlinear Systems and Chaos
An introduction to the orderly side of chaotic systems.
Chris Goad takes us on a delightful romp into the little known ‘study of appearances’. Perhaps philosophers do have something to say about the science of observation.